The subject of the Crucifixion of Jesus, accompanied by the Madonna and Saints, is particularly common among artists active in the Kingdom of the Netherlands (present-day Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg) throughout the entire 16th century, seen in many stylistic and compositional variations, including in Hendrick Goltzius (Muhlbracht, Venlo, 1558 – Haarlem 1617), Otto Van Veen (Leiden 1556–Brussels 1629), Maerten de Vos (Antwerp 1532–1603), and Gillis Congnet or Coignet (Antwerp 1538-Hamburg 1599).